The geography of openness to foreign trade in Poland: the role of special economic zones and foreign-owned entities

Jarosław M. Nazarczuk , Stanisław Umiński


The aim of this paper is to present the spatial distribution of openness to foreign trade assessed at the local level (LAU 1, poviats) in Poland, between 2005 and 2012, with particular reference to its two determinants: activity of foreign- owned enterprises (FOEs) and functioning of special economic zones (SEZs). With the use of data from different sources, including the foreign trade statistics for the Polish regions, constituting a set of indicators on openness to foreign trade, we deliberate on the determinants and the character of regional openness, as well as the quality of the proxies used in order to assess their spatial distribution. Our results indicate high regional dissimilarities in terms of export activity, correlated with the broader picture of regional inequalities. The role of FOEs has been crucial in determining the spatial distribution of exports. As regards the SEZs, their sole contribution increased significantly during the time span. In the times of the world financial crisis, the export performance diversity of poviats increased temporarily but diminished afterwards.
Author Jarosław M. Nazarczuk
Jarosław M. Nazarczuk,,
, Stanisław Umiński (FE / RCEI)
Stanisław Umiński,,
- Research Centre on European Integration
Journal seriesBulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, e-ISSN 2083-8298, [], (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in Englishtrade openness, regions, LAU 1, special economic zones, FDI
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 3316 Cultural Studies; 3317 Demography; 3322 Urban Studies
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Bez Utworów Zależnych (CC-BY-ND); with publication
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 13-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.591
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