137Cs and 40K in gray seals Halichoerus grypus in the southern Baltic Sea

Michał Saniewski , Tamara Zalewska , Maria Suplińska , Lucyna Falkowska , Agnieszka Grajewska , Iga Nehring , Dominika Saniewska , Marta Staniszewska , Iwona Pawliczka Vel Pawlik

Abstract

This study presents levels of 137Cs and 40K concentrations in the placentas of seals gathered in the period 2007–2015. The mean activity of 137Cs and 40K was 5.49 Bq kg−1w.w. and 136.6 Bq kg−1 ww respectively. Statistically significant correlation was observed between the 137Cs activities in placenta and in herring—the staple food for seals. The concentrations of 137Cs and 40K were also determined in other tissues (muscle, liver, lung, and brain) of wild seals. The concentrations of 137Cs were from 2.59 Bq−1 ww (lungs) to 24.3 Bq kg−1 ww (muscles). The transfer factor values for 137Cs (seal tissue/fish) ranged from 0.89 to 2.42 in the case of the placentas and from 1.35 to 8.17 in the case of the muscle. For adults seal, the effective dose from 137Cs was 2.98 nGy h−1. The mean external radiation dose to pup was 0.77 nGy h−1 from 137Cs and 6.69 nGy h−1 from 40K.
Author Michał Saniewski
Michał Saniewski,,
-
, Tamara Zalewska
Tamara Zalewska,,
-
, Maria Suplińska
Maria Suplińska,,
-
, Lucyna Falkowska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Lucyna Falkowska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Agnieszka Grajewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Agnieszka Grajewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Iga Nehring (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Iga Nehring,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Dominika Saniewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Dominika Saniewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Marta Staniszewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Marta Staniszewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Iwona Pawliczka Vel Pawlik (FOG / IO / HMS)
Iwona Pawliczka Vel Pawlik,,
- Hel Marine Station
Journal seriesEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research, ISSN 0944-1344, e-ISSN 1614-7499, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol26
No17
Pages17418-17426
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishradionuclides, gray seals, Baltic Sea
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 2304 Environmental Chemistry; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2310 Pollution
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11356-019-05145-7
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05145-7
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 04-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.032; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.914 (2) - 2018=3.208 (5)
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