Isotopic evidence for oligotrophication of terrestrial ecosystems

Joseph M. Craine , Andrew J. Elmore , Lixin Wang , Julieta Aranibar , Marijn Bauters , Pascal Boeckx , Brooke E. Crowley , Melissa A. Dawes , Sylvain Delzon , Alex Fajardo , Yunting Fang , Lei Fujiyoshi , Alan Gray , Rossella Guerrieri , Michael J. Gundale , David J. Hawke , Peter Hietz , Mathieu Jonard , Elizabeth Kearsley , Tanaka Kenzo , Mikhail Makarov , Sara Marañón-Jiménez , Terrence P. McGlynn , Brenden E. McNeil , Stella G. Mosher , David M. Nelson , Pablo L. Peri , Jean Christophe Roggy , Rebecca Sanders-DeMott , Minghua Song , Paul Szpak , Pamela H. Templer , Dewidine Van der Colff , Christiane Werner , Xingliang Xu , Yang Yang , Guirui Yu , Katarzyna Zmudczyńska-Skarbek

Abstract

Human societies depend on an Earth system that operates within a constrained range of nutrient availability, yet the recent trajectory of terrestrial nitrogen (N) availability is uncertain. Examining patterns of foliar N concentrations and isotope ratios (δ 15N) from more than 43,000 samples acquired over 37 years, here we show that foliar N concentration declined by 9% and foliar δ 15N declined by 0.6–1.6‰. Examining patterns across different climate spaces, foliar δ 15N declined across the entire range of mean annual temperature and mean annual precipitation tested. These results suggest declines in N supply relative to plant demand at the global scale. In all, there are now multiple lines of evidence of declining N availability in many unfertilized terrestrial ecosystems, including declines in δ 15N of tree rings and leaves from herbarium samples over the past 75–150 years. These patterns are consistent with the proposed consequences of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and longer growing seasons. These declines will limit future terrestrial carbon uptake and increase nutritional stress for herbivores.
Author Joseph M. Craine
Joseph M. Craine,,
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, Andrew J. Elmore
Andrew J. Elmore,,
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, Lixin Wang
Lixin Wang,,
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, Julieta Aranibar
Julieta Aranibar,,
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, Marijn Bauters
Marijn Bauters,,
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, Pascal Boeckx
Pascal Boeckx,,
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, Brooke E. Crowley
Brooke E. Crowley,,
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, Melissa A. Dawes
Melissa A. Dawes,,
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, Sylvain Delzon
Sylvain Delzon,,
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, Alex Fajardo
Alex Fajardo,,
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et al.`
Journal seriesNature Ecology & Evolution, [Nature Ecology and Evolution], ISSN 2397-334X, (0 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol2
No11
Pages1735-1744
Publication size in sheets0.5
DOIDOI:10.1038/s41559-018-0694-0
URL https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0694-0
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 07-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
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