How different are parents and educators? A comparative study of interactive differences between parents and educators in a collaborative adult-child activity

Marina Fuertes , Otília Sousa , Marta Łockiewicz , Clarisse Nunes , Dalila Lino


Involving children in collaborative tasks supports their cognitive, motor and social development. This study, performed in Portugal, aims to describe and compare early childhood educators and parents regarding their collaborative and interactive behavior when working with children. For that purpose, 55 educators (of both genders) with a child from their class and 45 parents (of both genders) with their children, participated in an everyday-like quasi-experimental situation for 20 minutes. The participants were invited to build an object of their choice, using a range of available materials and tools. The children included 47 boys and 48 girls, between 3 and 5 year-old. In comparison with the parents, the educators encouraged the children more to explore and find their own solutions. Conversely, the parents helped their children by offering demonstrations and directions. When the educators and the parents were grouped by gender (“men” versus “women”), different opportunities were offered to boys and girls by male and female adults. Our study suggests that educators and parents serve as diverse, but complementary educational role models and provide different learning opportunities.
Author Marina Fuertes
Marina Fuertes,,
, Otília Sousa
Otília Sousa,,
, Marta Łockiewicz (FSS / IPsych / DDPP)
Marta Łockiewicz,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Clarisse Nunes
Clarisse Nunes,,
, Dalila Lino
Dalila Lino,,
Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.7
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)35
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 24-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.111; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.766 (2) - 2017=3.352 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.