Evaluation of diagnostic chemical and morphological characters in five Parmelia species (Parmeliaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) with special emphasis on the thallus pruinosity

Emilia Ossowska , Beata Guzow-Krzemińska , Magdalena Dudek , Magdalena Oset , Martin Kukwa

Abstract

To test the taxonomic significance of secondary chemistry (particularly lobaric acid and fatty acids) and pruina in Parmelia ernstiae, P. saxatilis, P. serrana, P. submontana and P. sulcata in Europe, 3684 specimens were analysed morphologically and chemically, and 82 ITS rDNA sequences were prepared. A comparison of the resulting phylogram with the production of secondary metabolites (P. saxatilis group) and the intensity and presence of the thallus pruina (all five species) show that lobaric acid occurs in only three species, P. ernstiae, P. saxatilis and P. serrana, but its presence is variable within them. Fatty acids are restricted to P. ernstiae and P. serrana. All studied species can develop epruinose to strongly pruinose thalli, and therefore pruina is an uninformative character at species level. The traits reliable for the determination of the species are the type of vegetative propagules, their placement on the thallus, and the lobe shape. It was previously suggested that the development of pruina may depend on light intensity, but epruinose and pruinose thalli of the same species were often found growing side by side in exactly the same environmental conditions. Thalli differing in pruina intensity might contain different photobiont strains.
Author Emilia Ossowska (FB / DPTNC)
Emilia Ossowska,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Beata Guzow-Krzemińska (FB / DPTNC)
Beata Guzow-Krzemińska,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Magdalena Dudek (FB / DPTNC)
Magdalena Dudek,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Magdalena Oset (FB / DPTNC)
Magdalena Oset,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Martin Kukwa (FB / DPTNC)
Martin Kukwa,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
Journal seriesPhytotaxa, ISSN 1179-3155, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol383
No2
Pages165-180
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in EnglishAscomycota, Parmeliaceae, parmelioid lichens, pruina, ITS rDNA, secondary metabolites, Lichens
DOIDOI:10.11646/phytotaxa.383.2.3
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.185 (2) - 2017=1.168 (5)
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