Taxonomy of Cyrtochilum-alliance (Orchidaceae) in the light of molecular and morphological data

Dariusz Lucjan Szlachetko , Marta Kolanowska , Aleksandra Naczk , Marcin Górniak , Magdalena Dudek , Piotr Rutkowski , Guy Chiron

Abstract

BackgroundThe generic separateness and specific composition of the orchid genus Cyrtochilum was discussed for almost two centuries. Over the years several smaller taxa were segregated from this taxon, but their separateness was recently questioned based on molecular studies outcomes. The aim of our study was to revise concepts of morphological-based generic delimitation in Cyrtochilum-alliance and to compare it with the results of genetic analysis. We used phylogenetic framework in combination with phenetical analysis to provide proposal of the generic delimitation within Cyrtochilum-alliance. Two molecular markers, ITS and matK were used to construct phylogenetic tree. A total of over 5000 herbarium specimens were included in the morphological examination and the phenetical analysis included 29 generative and vegetative characters.Results Comparative morphology of the previously recognized genera: Buesiella, Dasyglossum, Neodryas, Rusbyella, Siederella and Trigonochilum is presented. A new species within the the latter genus is described. Fourteen new combinations are proposed. The key to the identification of the genera of the Cyrtochilum-alliance and morphological characteristics of each genus are provided.ConclusionsA total of six separated genera are recognized within Cyrtochilum-alliance. The reasons of the incompatibility between morphological differences observed within studied taxa and phylogenetic tree are argued and the taxonomic implications of such inconsistency, resulting in fragmentation or lumping of taxonomic units, are discussed.
Author Dariusz Lucjan Szlachetko (FB / DPTNC)
Dariusz Lucjan Szlachetko,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Marta Kolanowska (FB / DPTNC)
Marta Kolanowska,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Aleksandra Naczk (FB / DME)
Aleksandra Naczk,,
- Department of Molecular Evolution
, Marcin Górniak (FB / DME)
Marcin Górniak,,
- Department of Molecular Evolution
, Magdalena Dudek (FB / DPTNC)
Magdalena Dudek,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Piotr Rutkowski (FB / DPTNC)
Piotr Rutkowski,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Guy Chiron
Guy Chiron,,
-
Other language title versions
Journal seriesBotanical Studies, ISSN 1817-406X, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol58
Pages1-28
Publication size in sheets1.35
Keywords in EnglishCyrtochilum, monophyly, new combinations, new species, Oncidiinae, paraphyly, taxonomy
DOIDOI:10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z
URL http://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.452 (2) - 2016=1.33 (5)
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