Synthesis of usnic acid derivatives and evaluation of their antiproliferative activity against cancer cells
Agnieszka Pyrczak-Felczykowska , Rajeshwar Narlawar , Anna Pawlik , Beata Guzow-Krzemińska , Damian Artymiuk , Aleksandra Hać , Kamil Ryś , Louis M. Rendina , Tristan A. Reekie , Anna Herman-Antosiewicz , Michael Kassiou
AbstractUsnic acid is a secondary metabolite abundantly found in lichens, for which promising cytotoxic and antitumor potential has been shown. However, knowledge concerning activities of its derivatives is limited. Herein, a series of usnic acid derivatives were synthesized and their antiproliferative potency against cancer cells of different origin was assessed. Some of the synthesized compounds were more active than usnic acid. Compounds 2a and 2b inhibited survival of all tested cancer cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Their IC50 values after 48 h of treatment were ca. 3 μM for MCF-7 and PC-3 cells and 1 μM for HeLa cells, while 3a and 3b revealed antiproliferative activity only against HeLa cells. All active usnic acid derivatives induced G0/G1 arrest and a drop in the fraction of HeLa cells in the S and G2/M phases. Compounds 2a and 2b decreased the clonogenic potential of the cancer cells evaluated and induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Moreover, they induced massive cytoplasmic vacuolization, which was associated with elevated dynein-dependent endocytosis, a process that has not been reported for usnic acid and indicates a novel mechanism of action of its synthetic derivatives. This work also shows that naturally occurring usnic acids are promising lead compounds for the synthesis of derivatives with more favorable properties against cancer cells.
|Journal series||Journal of Natural Products, ISSN 0163-3864, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 17-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.521; : 2018 = 4.257 (2) - 2018=3.938 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2020-01-12)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.