The level of 210Pb extraction efficiency in Polish herbal teas and the possible effective dose to consumers
Aleksandra Moniakowska , Grzegorz Olszewski , Klaudia Block , Dagmara Strumińska-Parulska
AbstractThe article presents the results of a study on the level of 210Pb efficiency extraction in Polish herbal teas as a possible additional source of this radioactive isotope in the human diet. The twelve most popular herbal teas available in Poland and their infusions in filtered and tap water were analyzed as well as 210Pb activity concentrations and effective doses (radiation) were calculated. The highest activity concentration of 210Pb in dried plants was determined in cistus – 35.5 Bq kg−1 dry wt, while the lowest was in milk thistle – 3.25 Bq kg−1 dry wt what gives respectively for cistus 46.1 ± 0.7 and 6.50 ± 0.29 mBq for milk thistle per one tea bag. The extraction efficiencies in the filtered water oscillated from 5.1 ± 0.5 for milk thistle to 27.3 ± 0.8% for cistus, while for the tap water they ranged from 7.3 ± 0.6% for lime to 33.3 ± 2.2% for white mulberry. Based on the study, it was found that the analyzed herbal tea consumption would give a small portion of the annual effective dose of 210Pb received in Poland – the annual effective radiation dose of 210Pb taken with herbal tea infusions (one glass daily) was calculated from 0.08 ± 0.01 to 3.17 ± 0.08 µSv.
|Journal series||Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, [Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART ATOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING], ISSN 1093-4529, e-ISSN 1532-4117, (N/A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.50|
|Keywords in English||lead 210Pb, herbal tea, water, extraction, effective radiation dose|
|Score||= 40.0, 03-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; = 2.000; : 2018 = 0.619; : 2018 = 1.536 (2) - 2018=1.569 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2020-07-13)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.