Impact of the 2014 Major Baltic Inflow on benthic fluxes of ferrous iron and phosphate below the permanent halocline in the southern Baltic Sea

Olga Brocławik , Katarzyna Łukawska-Matuszewska , Jerzy Bolałek

Abstract

The impact of 2014 Major Baltic Inflow (MBI) on ferrous iron (FFe(II)) and phosphate (FPO43–) benthic fluxes was investigated. Sampling took place few months after the MBI, in August 2015, and over one year after the inflow, in February 2016. Materials were collected from three sites (depth of 106–108 m) located in the Gdańsk Deep. Total dissolved iron, Fe(II), phosphate, H2S and sulfate were analyzed in bottom and pore water. Benthic fluxes were estimated using Fick’s first law. All fluxes were directed from sediment. FFe(II)ranged from 0.31 × 10–2to 1.25 × 10–2μmol m–2hr–1and FPO43–from 1.53 to 2.70 μmol m–2hr–1. At the deepest site, FPO43–was similar in both seasons, while at two other sites fluxes in August 2015 were 40–50% smaller than in February 2016. The increase in bottom water oxygen after the MBI enhanced Fe(oxyhydr)oxides formation. As a consequence, bottom and pore water concentrations of Fe(II) and FFe(II), decreased. Adsorption of phosphate onto Fe(oxyhydr)oxides resulted in binding of P in surface sediment and lower FPO43–in August 2015. This was particularly evident at the shallowest site. The reductive dissolution of Fe(oxyhydr)oxides and desorption of P during the subsequent months resulted in higher FPO43–in February 2016.
Author Olga Brocławik (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Olga Brocławik,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Katarzyna Łukawska-Matuszewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Katarzyna Łukawska-Matuszewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Jerzy Bolałek (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Jerzy Bolałek,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
Journal seriesOceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, ISSN 1730-413X, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol47
No3
Pages275-287
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in Englishiron, phosphate, benthic fluxes, Baltic inflows, pore water, Baltic Sea
ASJC Classification1910 Oceanography
DOIDOI:10.1515/ohs-2018-0026
URL https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2018-0026
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.463; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.674 (2) - 2018=0.854 (5)
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