The environmental impact of shipping in the Baltic Sea area

Małgorzata Pacuk

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present the main forms of the impact that shipping has on the environment and to discuss legal and organisational solutions and regulations in place to increase the safety of shipping on the Baltic. The methodology applied in the study is induction. Research generalisations were made on the basis of the recent studies results and statistical data. The growing shipping volumes in the Baltic Sea area, especially in crude oil and petroleum products, generate an increased risk of marine incidents which can bring about spills of harmful chemical substances. The shipping route with the highest traffic volume leads north-east to the Gulf of Finland ports. The three largest Baltic ports are located there, with 206 million tons of cargo handled in 2016. Most marine accidents take place in a close distance to the shore. About 75% of the collisions involving tankers end up with oil spills. Maritime transport has a negative influence on the environment also during the daily, failure-free operation of ships. Thanks to the status of a special area of the Baltic, it is possible to introduce stricter regulations on the basin.
Author Małgorzata Pacuk (FOG/IG/DRDG)
Małgorzata Pacuk,,
- Department of Regional Development Geography
Pages121-126
Publication size in sheets0.50
Book Fedorov Gennady , Druzhinin Alexander, Golubeva Elena, Subetto Dmitry, Palmowski Tadeusz (eds.): Baltic region - the region of cooperation, Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences , 2019, Springer, ISBN 978-3-030-14518-7, [978-3-030-14519-4], 296 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-14519-4
Keywords in EnglishBaltic Sea, maritime traffic, shipping accidents, sea pollution, safety of shipping
DOIDOI:10.1007/978-3-030-14519-4_13
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcepublisherList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 28-01-2020, MonographChapterAuthor
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