Sources, deposition flux and carcinogenic potential of PM2.5-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea (Gdynia, Poland)

Karolina Skalska , Anita Lewandowska , Marta Staniszewska , Andrzej Reindl , Agnieszka Witkowska , Lucyna Falkowska

Abstract

Concentrations of 16 PAHs of different molecular weight and carcinogenic potency were measured in PM2.5 aerosols collected in the coastal zone of southern Baltic Sea (Gdynia, Poland) during the end of the heating and beginning of the non-heating season of 2012. Obtained results showed that coal combustion (pyrogenic source) contributed to the highest emission of PAHs during the heating season. However, similar concentrations of highly carcinogenic PAHs were detected in the non-heating period. The analysis of prevailing wind directions, air mass trajectories and diagnostic PAH ratios revealed that in addition to land transport emission (mainly from diesel vehicles), the increase in sea shipping traffic during the non-heating season contributed to the high concentrations of detected carcinogenic PAHs. We conclude that the increasing maritime activity in the southern Baltic Sea region might have an adverse effect on both environmental and human health. Therefore, it should receive more attention by the Polish government as a pollutant source.
Author Karolina Skalska
Karolina Skalska,,
-
, Anita Lewandowska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Anita Lewandowska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Marta Staniszewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Marta Staniszewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Andrzej Reindl (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Andrzej Reindl,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Agnieszka Witkowska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Agnieszka Witkowska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Lucyna Falkowska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Lucyna Falkowska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
Journal seriesAir Quality Atmosphere and Health, [Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health], ISSN 1873-9318, e-ISSN 1873-9326, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
No11
Pages1291-1301
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPM2.5, PAHs, Diagnostic ratios, Deposition flux, BaP-TEQ
ASJC Classification1902 Atmospheric Science; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; 2310 Pollution
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11869-019-00741-5
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-019-00741-5
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 04-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.081; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.297 (2) - 2018=2.847 (5)
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