Attentional system of very prematurely born preschoolers

Tamara Walczak-Kozłowska , Aleksandra Mańkowska , Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś , Michał Harciarek

Abstract

Recent studies indicate that premature children are at risk for difficulties with cognitive development and have increased incidence of ADHD as well as other behavioral disorders. Although the exact mechanism accounting for these children’s neuropsychological abnormalities is unknown, there is evidence to suggest that the cognitive and behavioral disturbances seen in this population may result from a slower development of the attentional system. However, it remains unclear whether prematurity affects the development of the entire attention system or if prematurely born children have a selective insufficiency of components of this system (i.e., orienting, alerting, executive). We compared the efficiency of the attentional system of very prematurely born children and full-term controls at 5 years of age, using the Attention Network Task—Child Version. In comparison to full-term peers, very preterm children exhibited inefficient orienting of attention, whereas there was no group difference in the efficiency of alerting and executive aspects of attention. The reason for the selectively suboptimal orienting of attention in very prematurely born preschoolers remains unclear; it is possible that the neural substrates of this attentional subsystem are particularly underdeveloped in the preschool period in this cohort.
Author Tamara Walczak-Kozłowska (FSS / IPsych)
Tamara Walczak-Kozłowska,,
- Institute of Psychology
, Aleksandra Mańkowska (FSS / IPsych / DCPN)
Aleksandra Mańkowska,,
- Division of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology
, Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś (FSS / IPsych / DDPP)
Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Michał Harciarek (FSS / IPsych / DCPN)
Michał Harciarek,,
- Division of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology
Journal seriesDevelopmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, e-ISSN 1939-0599, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
No56 (2)
Pages251-260
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishpreterm birth, orienting network, attention, executive system, visual orienting
ASJC Classification3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3317 Demography; 3319 Life-span and Life-course Studies
DOIDOI:10.1037/dev0000865
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 07-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.92; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.934 (2) - 2017=4.525 (5)
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