Adaptive nightmares of Holocaust survivors: the Auschwitz Camp in the former inmates' dreams

Wojciech Owczarski

Abstract

This study, based on the testimonies submitted by former Auschwitz concentration camp prisoners to Polish psychiatrists in 1973, is focused on examining the most traumatic dreams of the former inmates—the dreams about the camp, dreamt in the postwar period. These dreams were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. For quantitative analyses, Hall and Van de Castle’s (1966) coding system was applied. The main goal of this study was to test the hypothesis—based mainly on Hartmann’s (2001a, 2001b, 2011) theory—that even such terrifying nightmares can have adaptive and healing potential. This hypothesis has been confirmed: The dreams about the camp have therapeutic potential, as they weave in new material into the dreamers’ traumatic memories, and especially the so-called “comeback dreams” (those in which the dreamers are aware that they come back to the camp for at least the second time) seem to have adaptive effects, mainly because of their near-lucid character. Therefore, Lavie and Kaminer’s (1991, 2001; Kaminer & Lavie, 1991) suggestion that repressive mechanisms serve best the process of coping with Holocaust trauma has been called into question.
Publication typeIn press (online first, early view)
Author Wojciech Owczarski (FL / PPP)
Wojciech Owczarski,,
- Institute of Polish Philology
Journal seriesDreaming, ISSN 1053-0797, e-ISSN 1573-3351, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2018
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishnightmares, posttraumatic dreams, adaptive dreams, dreams of Holocaust survivors, Hall–Van de Castle content analysis of dreams
DOIDOI:10.1037/drm0000086
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 05-11-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 05-11-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 0.867 (2) - 2016=0.716 (5)
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