Novel uridine glycoconjugates, derivatives of 4-aminophenyl 1-thioglycosides, as potential antiviral compounds
Ewelina Król , Gabriela Pastuch-Gawołek , Binay Chaubey , Gabriela Brzuska , Karol Erfurt , Bogusław Szewczyk
AbstractA novel series of uridine glycoconjugates, derivatives of 4-aminophenyl 1-thioglycosides, was designed and synthesized. All compounds were evaluated in vitro for their antiviral activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV), two important human and animal viral pathogens for which new or improved therapeutic options are needed. The antiviral activity of all synthesized compounds was confirmed using pseudo-plaque reduction assays in which a significant arrest of CSFV and HCV growth was observed in the presence of these compounds. Two of the synthesized compounds, 9 and 12, displayed a significant inhibitory effect on HCV and CSFV propagation with IC50 values of 4.9 and 13.5 µM for HCV and 4.2 and 4 µM for CSFV, respectively, with low cytotoxicity. Using various infection and replication models, we have shown that both compounds were able to significantly reduce viral genome replication by up to 90% with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. A structure activity analysis of the synthesized compounds showed that the high antiviral activity was attributed to the hydrophobicity of glycoconjugates and the introduction of elements capable to coordinate metal ions into the spacer connecting the sugar and uridine moiety, which can be useful in the development of new antiviral compounds in the future.
|Journal series||Molecules, ISSN , e-ISSN 1420-3049, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.15|
|Keywords in English||hepatitis C virus, classical swine fever virus, antivirals, aryl 1-thioglycoside derivatives, uridine glycoconjugates, analogues of glycosyltransferase substrates|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 30.0, 05-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2017 = 1.146; : 2018 = 3.060 (2) - 2018=3.380 (5)|
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