N-(2-arylmethylthio-4-chloro-5-methylbenzenesulfonyl)amide derivatives as potential antimicrobial agents - synthesis and biological studies
Beata Żołnowska , Jarosław Sławiński , Katarzyna Garbacz , Małgorzata Jarosiewicz , Anna Kawiak
AbstractRising resistance of pathogenic bacteria reduces the options of treating hospital and non-hospital bacterial infections. There is a need to search for newer chemotherapies that will show antimicrobial ability against planktonic cells as well as bacterial biofilms. We have synthesized a series of N-(2-arylmethylthio-4-chloro-5-methylbenzenesulfonyl)amides, namely, molecular hybrids, which include a 2-mercaptobenzenosulfonamide fragment and either cinnamic or cyclohexylpropionic acid residues. The antimicrobial activity of compounds 8–17 was evaluated on Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and fungal species. Experiments took into account investigation of antibacterial activity against planktonic cells as well as biofilms. Compounds 8–17 showed high bacteriostatic activity against staphylococci, with the most active molecules 10 and 16 presenting low MIC values of 4–8 μg/mL against reference methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) strains as well as clinical isolates. Compounds 10 and 16 also showed an ability to inhibit biofilms formed by MRSA and MSSA. The potential of 10 and 16 as antibiofilm agents was supported by cytotoxicity assays that indicated no cytotoxic effect either on normal cells of human keratinocytes or on human cancer cells, including cervical, colon, and breast cancer lines.
|Journal series||International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1422-0067, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||benzenesulfonamide, antibacterial, biofilm, synthesis, cytotoxicity, MRSA|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 03-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.224; : 2018 = 4.183 (2) - 2018=4.331 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.