A controversial transplant? Debate over the adaptation of the Napoleonic Code on the Polish territories in the early 19th century
Michał Gałędek , Anna Klimaszewska
AbstractThis article focuses on the attitude of the Polish legal elite re-garding the adaptation of French civil law introduced on the Polish territories in the Duchy of Warsaw, established by Napoleon in 1807. While addressing the Polish example, it underscores the universal nature of problems engendered by legal transfer and by the social reactions to foreign solutions. It sheds light on the state of mind of Polish enlightened elites, on their approach toward new legal instruments and on the challenges of adapting them to the socioeconomic conditions of a semi-peripheral country. The Polish situation in the early 19th century provides evidence that some repre-sentatives of the late-Enlightenment generation remained attachedto the universalist, all human vision of civilizational progress and shared natural law instruments for its accomplishment. On the other hand, in reaction to this attitude, the opposite view had already started to crystallize. It pointed to the uniqueness of conditions of development in any given country and nation. According to this view, civil law should account for this specificity and be adjusted to the national character.
|Journal series||Journal of Civil Law Studies, ISSN 1944-3749, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.5|
|Keywords in English||legal transplant, legal transfer, French Civil Code, Polish territories, adaptation, 19th century, civil law, foreign legal solutions and institutions, national identity, Napoleonic Code, Kingdom of Poland, Duchy of Warsaw|
|Score||= 5.0, 24-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.