The dynamics of becoming a mother during pregnancy and after childbirth

Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz , Mariola Bidzan , Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś , Daria Pizuńska


Background: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between one’s maternal attachment style and one’s self-image as a mother, image of one’s mother as a mother, and bond with the child over a period of several months. Methods: A total of 86 women took part in the study The Adjective Check List (ACL), Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ), Maternal–Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS), and a modified version of the Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR) were used. Two measurements were used: during pregnancy and about six months after the birth of the child. Results: In terms of their self-image as mothers, the women had higher results the first time they took the questionnaire, regardless of their attachment style. An interaction eect was found between attachment style and the ‘need for changes’ scale. The image of one’s mother as a mother depended on the level of avoidance in attachment, regardless of the measurement. An interaction eect was found between attachment style and the scale of ‘personal adaptation’. There was a correlation between the bond with the child during pregnancy, the bond following birth, and the style of maternal attachment; the main predictor of the bond with the child after birth is the bond with the child during the pregnancy. Conclusion: Those who provide care for pregnant women and new mothers should be aware of the complex psychological processes in the transition to motherhood, have knowledge about perinatal mental health, and when necessary, refer women to specialists such as support groups for new mothers, trained midwives, psychologists, psychotherapists, or psychiatrists.
Author Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz (FSS/IPsych)
Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz,,
- Institute of Psychology
, Mariola Bidzan (FSS/IPsych/DCPN)
Mariola Bidzan,,
- Division of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology
, Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś (FSS/IPsych/DDPP)
Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Daria Pizuńska (FSS/IPsych/DSP)
Daria Pizuńska,,
- Division of Social Psychology
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.50
Article number57
Keywords in Englishself-perception, attachment, parenting, pregnancy, transition to motherhood
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Languageen angielski
LicenseRepository; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Zwolska_Wawrzkiewicz_Anna_Bidzan_Mariola_The_Dynamics_of_Becoming_2020.pdf Zwolska_Wawrzkiewicz_Anna_Bidzan_Mariola_The_Dynamics_of_Becoming_2020.pdf 325,22 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.129; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.468 (2) - 2018=2.948 (5)
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LicencjaUtwór jest udostępniany na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe (CC BY 4.0)
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