Koncepcja konwiktów dla ubogiej szlachty w ustawach Komisji Edukacji Narodowej

Kazimierz Puchowski , Mariusz Ausz

Abstract

The founders of the dormitories (convictus) for the poor nobility were, from the second half of the 16th century, church or secular dignitaries. They built them for members of their family or for people using the same coat of arms. Founders were often bishops who in the donation act assured that they would accept a certain number of nepots for education. The administration of the boarding school was entrusted to the order running the school. After the establishment of the Commission of National Education (1773), the dormitories for the poor nobility constituted a kind of phenomenon that democratized the education system of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. These institutions, financed from the Commission’s fund, so far marginally treated in historiography, allowed sons of noblemen to continue education without having to do the service for the benefit of their more esteemed colleagues, as was the case in the Piarist Collegium Nobilium founded in 1740 by Stanisław Konarski, and in other elitist educational institutions run by Jesuits or Theatines. The legislation for dormitories of poor nobility was completed in 1777. The analysis of this source shows ambitious motives for the creation of free dormitories for pauperized sons of noblemen. One can also see the great concern of the Commission of National Education about education, decent living conditions and health of poor noble youth. The model to follow was to a large extent the Collegia Nobilium, but the principle of Stanisław Konarski that the quantity of the fee paid for education should determine its quality was rejected. Poor noblemen were brought up in the spirit of faithful service to the king; they were prepared to become teachers in schools and universities or to hold military or official posts.
Author Kazimierz Puchowski (FSS / IE / DHSE)
Kazimierz Puchowski,,
- Division of the History of Science and Education
, Mariusz Ausz
Mariusz Ausz,,
-
Other language title versionsThe concept of dormitories (convictus) for poor nobility in the legislation of the Commission of National Education
Pages75-98
Publication size in sheets1.16
Book Puchowski Kazimierz (eds.): Społeczne i kulturowe uwarunkowania edukacji Rzeczypospolitej XVI–XVIII wieku: materiały z badań, vol. 2, 2018, Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne, ISBN 978-83-949983-3-2, 229 p.
Keywords in Englishdormitories, Commission of National Education (1773), convicts, history of education, convictus for the poor nobility
URL http://pth.net.pl/uploads/irpedu/Raport_2.pdf
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 30-09-2019, MonographChapterAuthor
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