Gel electrophoretic separation of proteins from cultured neuroendocrine tumor cell lines

Natalia Miękus , Ilona Olędzka , Alina Plenis , Zofia Woźniak , Anna Lewczuk , Patrycja Koszałka , Barbara Seroczyńska , Tomasz Bączek


Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) often develop asymptomatically and are detected at a late stage. Currently, there exist certain markers of NET that occur only in the advanced stages of the disease. Still, there is need to develop markers specific of the early stage of cancer development. Nevertheless, biomarkers are mostly low‑abundant proteins and require separation from complex protein mixtures, which remains a major challenge. The goal of the present study was to optimize one‑dimensional‑polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D‑PAGE) for separation and comparison of protein composition from neuroendocrine tumor samples. 1D‑PAGE was optimized by modification of the gel concentration and by comparison of different gel staining protocols. In addition, several steps prior to electrophoresis were carried out to purify and preliminarily reduce the complexity of the sample. The results of these optimization steps indicated that use of an albumin removal kit can considerably decrease the amount of albumin in the samples, thereby allowing to detect proteins of low abundance. Optimal separation of the sample was obtained using a 12% polyacrylamide gel. Furthermore, the use of silver staining allowed detection of proteins at nanogram levels, whereas for Coomassie Brilliant Blue staining, the detection limit was 10 times higher. Optimization of the sample preparation workflow and parameters of the electrophoretic separation allowed to reduce the complexity of the studied material and facilitated further identification of proteins of low abundance in the sample. This study demonstrated that analysis of the secreted proteome of NET cells by 1D‑PAGE is a simple and suitable tool for the identification of potential NET protein biomarkers.
Author Natalia Miękus (FB / DAHP) - [Medical Uniwersity of Gdańsk (GUMed)]
Natalia Miękus,,
- Department of Animal and Human Physiology
- Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny
, Ilona Olędzka
Ilona Olędzka,,
, Alina Plenis
Alina Plenis,,
, Zofia Woźniak
Zofia Woźniak,,
, Anna Lewczuk
Anna Lewczuk,,
, Patrycja Koszałka (IFB / DMedB)
Patrycja Koszałka ,,
- Department of Medical Biotechnology
, Barbara Seroczyńska
Barbara Seroczyńska,,
, Tomasz Bączek
Tomasz Bączek,,
Journal seriesMolecular Medicine Reports, ISSN 1791-2997, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishelectrophoresis, mass spectrometry, neuroendocrine tumors, cancer biomarkers, sample preparation
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 1.559 (2) - 2015=1.617 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.