"Be glad that you are ill”: medical views on transgender and its influence on self-perception among trans people in Poland
Anna Kłonkowska , Wiktor Dynarski
AbstractIn Poland, most of the existing information on transgender has been heavily influenced by the pathologizing, medicalizing discourses of the 1980s and early 1990s, and deeply rooted in the essentialist perception of gender. In contrast, under the influence of queer theory and social constructionism, Polish social studies re-discovered the theory of transgender in the late 2000s. Combining these two competing viewpoints and discourses has shaped and determined that which currently constitutes transgender studies as they are gradually emerging in Poland. The article aims to explore these alternative approaches, including the discourse prevalent in the Polish medical community at present, the accompanying gatekeeping practices that it consequently employs (even though WHO no longer categorizes transgender as a disorder), and how it is perceived in the field of social sciences. Next, this article will present an analysis of the broader social perceptions of trans individuals in Poland. The authors will conclude with a number of varying perspectives from transgender persons. Based on these particular analyses, the article will argue that the existing Polish gatekeeping system not only makes transgender people dependent on diagnostic outcomes, but also promotes a specific brand of experience policing among trans communities, in which people are often labeled as being disordered.
|Journal series||Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej, ISSN 1733-8069, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||transgender, Poland, medical discourse, gatekeeping practices, enforced identities|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 20.0, 25-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
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