Influence of short peptides with aromatic amino acid residues on aggregation properties of serum amyloid A and its fragments
Sandra Skibiszewska , Szymon Żaczek , Agnieszka Dybala-Defratyka , Katarzyna Jędrzejewska , Elżbieta Jankowska
AbstractSerum amyloid A variant 1.1 (SAA1.1) is an acute phase protein. In response to injury, inflammation or infection its production increases highly, which may lead to aggregation of the protein and accumulation of its deposits in various organs. Due to the cellular toxicity of the aggregates, as well as the fact that accumulated deposits are a burden that obstructs proper functioning of the affected tissues, it is vital to find a way to suppress the process of pathological aggregates formation. To make this possible, it is necessary to investigate thoroughly the oligomerization process and recognize factors that may influence its course. Some previous studies showed that aromatic interactions are important to the potential of an inhibitor to suppress the aggregation process. In our research we had proved that a five-residue peptide RSFFS (saa1-5) is an efficient inhibitor of aggregation of the most amyloidogenic fragment of SAA1.1, SAA1-12. In the present work the oligomerization and aggregation propensity of SAA1-12 was compared to that of SAA1-27, in order to determine the contribution of the sequence which extends beyond the most amyloidogenic region but encompasses residues reportedly involved in the stabilization of the SAA native conformation. Thioflavin T fluorescence assay, quantitative chromatographic analysis of the insoluble fraction and transmission electron microscopy allowed for a deeper insight into the SAA aggregation process and the morphology of aggregates. Substitutions of Phe3 and/or Phe4 residues in saa1-5 sequence with tryptophan, tyrosine, homophenylalanine, naphthylalanine and β,β-diphenylalanine allowed to study the influence of different aromatic systems on the aggregation of SAA1-12 and SAA1-27, and evaluate these results in relation to hSAA1.1 protein. Our results indicate that compounds with aromatic moieties can affect the course of the aggregation process and change the ratio between the soluble and insoluble aggregates.
|Journal series||Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, e-ISSN 1096-0384, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Serum amyloid A, amyloidosis, aggregate, soluble oligomer, aromatic interaction|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Repository; published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 08-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.998; : 2018 = 3.559 (2) - 2018=3.269 (5)|
|Licencja||Utwór jest udostępniany na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowe (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/|
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