Combined antimicrobial activity of photodynamic inactivation and antimicrobials-state of the art
Agata Woźniak , Mariusz Grinholc
AbstractAntimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) is a promising tool for the eradication of life-threatening pathogens with different profiles of resistance. This study presents the state-of-the-art published studies that have been dedicated to analyzing the bactericidal effects of combining aPDI and routinely applied antibiotics in in vitro (using biofilm and planktonic cultures) and in vivo experiments. Furthermore, the current paper reviews the methodology used to obtain the published data that describes the synergy between these antimicrobial approaches. The authors are convinced that even though the combined efficacy of aPDI and antimicrobials could be investigated with the wide range of methods, the use of a unified experimental methodology that is in agreement with antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) is required to investigate possible synergistic cooperation between aPDI and antimicrobials. Conclusions concerning the possible synergistic activity between the two treatments can be drawn only when appropriate assays are employed. It must be noticed that some of the described papers were just aimed at determination if combined treatments exert enhanced antibacterial outcome, without following the standardmethodology to evaluate the synergistic effect, but inmost of them (18 out of 27) authors indicated the existence of synergy between described antibacterial approaches. In general, the increase in bacterial inactivation was observed when both therapies were used in combination.
|Journal series||Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Keywords in English||antimicrobials, antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation, photoinactivation, photosensitizers, synergy|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 35.0, 01-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 35.0, 01-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 4.076 (2) - 2016=4.526 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.