Evaluation of the possibility of using hydroponic cultivations for the removal of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in municipal sewage treatment plants
Daniel Wolecki , Magda Caban , Magdalena Pazda , Piotr Stepnowski , Jolanta Kumirska
AbstractThe problem of the presence of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the environment is closely related to municipal wastewater and in consequence to municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWWTPs) because wastewater is the main way in which these compounds are transferred to the ecosystem. For this reason, the development of cheap, simple but very effective techniques for the removal of such residues from wastewater is very important. In this study, the analysis of the potential of using three new plants: Cyperus papyrus (Papyrus), Lysimachia nemorum (Yellow pimpernel), and Euonymus europaeus (European spindle) by hydroponic cultivation for the removal of 15 selected pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in an MWWTP is presented. In order to obtain the most reliable data, this study was performed using real WWTP conditions and with the determination of the selected analytes in untreated sewage, treated sewage, and in plant materials. For determining the target compounds in plant materials, an Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE)-Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE)-GC-MS(SIM) method was developed and validated. The obtained data proved that the elimination efficiency of the investigated substances from wastewater was in the range of 35.8% for diflunisal to above 99.9% for paracetamol, terbutaline, and flurbiprofen. Lysimachia nemorum was the most effective for the uptake of target compounds among the tested plant species. Thus, the application of constructed wetlands for supporting conventional MWWTPs allowed a significant increase in their removal from the wastewater stream.
|Journal series||Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||pharmaceuticals, endocrine disrupting compounds, hydroponic cultivation, determining target pollutants in plant materials, municipal wastewater treatment plants|
|License||Repository; published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.146; : 2018 = 3.06 (2) - 2018=3.38 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.