Evaluation of the possibility of using hydroponic cultivations for the removal of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in municipal sewage treatment plants

Daniel Wolecki , Magda Caban , Magdalena Pazda , Piotr Stepnowski , Jolanta Kumirska

Abstract

The problem of the presence of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the environment is closely related to municipal wastewater and in consequence to municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWWTPs) because wastewater is the main way in which these compounds are transferred to the ecosystem. For this reason, the development of cheap, simple but very effective techniques for the removal of such residues from wastewater is very important. In this study, the analysis of the potential of using three new plants: Cyperus papyrus (Papyrus), Lysimachia nemorum (Yellow pimpernel), and Euonymus europaeus (European spindle) by hydroponic cultivation for the removal of 15 selected pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in an MWWTP is presented. In order to obtain the most reliable data, this study was performed using real WWTP conditions and with the determination of the selected analytes in untreated sewage, treated sewage, and in plant materials. For determining the target compounds in plant materials, an Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE)-Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE)-GC-MS(SIM) method was developed and validated. The obtained data proved that the elimination efficiency of the investigated substances from wastewater was in the range of 35.8% for diflunisal to above 99.9% for paracetamol, terbutaline, and flurbiprofen. Lysimachia nemorum was the most effective for the uptake of target compounds among the tested plant species. Thus, the application of constructed wetlands for supporting conventional MWWTPs allowed a significant increase in their removal from the wastewater stream.
Author Daniel Wolecki (FCh/DEA/LChAD)
Daniel Wolecki,,
- Laboratory of Chemical Analytics and Diagnostics
, Magda Caban (FCh/DEA/PAiMŚ)
Magda Caban,,
- Pracownia Analityki i Monitoringu Środowiska
, Magdalena Pazda (FCh/DEA/LChAD)
Magdalena Pazda,,
- Laboratory of Chemical Analytics and Diagnostics
, Piotr Stepnowski (FCh/DEA/LChER)
Piotr Stepnowski,,
- Laboratory of Chemical Environmental Risks
, Jolanta Kumirska (FCh/DEA/LChAD)
Jolanta Kumirska,,
- Laboratory of Chemical Analytics and Diagnostics
Journal seriesMolecules, ISSN 1420-3049, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol25
No1
Pages1-17
Article number162
Keywords in Englishpharmaceuticals, endocrine disrupting compounds, hydroponic cultivation, determining target pollutants in plant materials, municipal wastewater treatment plants
ASJC Classification1605 Organic Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.3390/molecules25010162
Languageen angielski
LicenseRepository; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 23-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0.000; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.146; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.060 (2) - 2018=3.380 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-07-10)
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