The use of fosmid metagenomic libraries in preliminary screening for various biological activities
Agnieszka Felczykowska , Aleksandra Dydecka , Małgorzata Bohdanowicz , Tomasz Gąsior , Marek Soboň , Justyna Kobos , Sylwia Bloch , Bożena Nejman-Faleńczyk , Grzegorz Węgrzyn
AbstractBackground: It is generally believed that there are many natural sources of as yet unknown bioactive compounds with a high biotechnological potential. However, the common method based on the use of cell extracts in the preliminary screening for particular molecules or activities is problematic as amounts of obtained compounds may be low, and such experiments are hardly reproducible. Therefore, the aim of this work was to test whether a novel strategy to search for previously unknown biological activities can be efficient. This strategy is based on construction of metagenomic libraries and employment of Escherichia coli strains as cell factories producing compounds of properties potentially useful in biotechnology. Results: Three cyanobacterial metagenomic libraries were constructed in the fosmid system. The libraries were screened for various biological activities. Extracts from selected E. coli clones bearing constructs with fragments of cyanobacterial genomes revealed antimicrobial or anticancer activities. Interestingly, stimulation of growth of host bacteria bearing particular plasmids with certain cyanobacterial genes was detected, suggesting a potential possibility for improvement of E. coli cultivation during biotechnological production. The most interesting plasmids were sequenced, and putative mechanisms of biological effects caused by cyanobacterial gene products are discussed. Conclusions: The strategy of exploring cyanobacteria as sources of bioactive compounds, based on E. coli cell factories producing compounds due to expression of genes from metagenomic libraries, appears to be effective.
|Journal series||Microbial Cell Factories, ISSN , e-ISSN 1475-2859|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||metagenomic libraries, cyanobacteria, Escherichia coli cell factories, bioactive compounds|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 40.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 4.221 (2) - 2014=4.642 (5)|
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