Experimental and computational study of Tm-doped TiO2: the effect of Li+ on Vis-response photocatalysis and luminescence
Paweł Mazierski , Pablo Nicolás Arellano Caicedo , Tomasz Grzyb , Alicja Mikołajczyk , Juganta K. Roy , Ewelina Wyrzykowska , Zhishun Wei , Ewa Kowalska , Tomasz Puzyn , Adriana Zaleska-Medynska , Joanna Nadolna
AbstractThe utilization of solar light to induce a photocatalytic reaction in the presence of wide band gap semiconductors requires the modification of their surface and optical properties. The Vis-to-UV up-conversion process (UCP) that occurs in lanthanide ions could be employed to induce TiO2. Thus, having in mind solar-forced photocatalysis, nanostructured TiO2 co-modified with Tm and Li was prepared via a hydrothermal method. In addition to the exhaustive surface characterization of the as-prepared samples, the partial density of states (PDOS) was computed to better understand the electronic structure and physicochemical properties of the prepared photocatalysts. It was demonstrated that Tm ions were beneficial for phenol degradation in the aqueous phase under visible irradiation, whereas the co-presence of Tm and Li ions was profitable for enhanced luminescence. Although action spectra revealed that excitation of Tm-TiO2 in the range from 400 to 490 nm led to the photodegradation of phenol and 2-propanol, the UCP was not responsible for the photocatalytic activity under Vis irradiation. Therefore, it is proposed that the formation of sub-band gap states from the lanthanide 4f level played a key role in the phenol degradation process.
|Journal series||Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, ISSN 0926-3373, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||TiO2, thulium, lithium, visible light, PDOS|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 200.0, 04-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1.000; : 2018 = 2.568; : 2018 = 14.229 (2) - 2018=12.176 (5)|
|Citation count*||7 (2020-08-02)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.