SER-PD - Polish adaptation of the My Emotions Scale for the assessment of parents’ emotional reactions to a child’s crying

Maria Kaźmierczak , Paulina Pawlicka


Background: The Polish adaptation of the My Emotions Scale measuring parental self-reported emotional reactions to a child’s crying is presented. The scale measures parent-oriented (amusement, anxiety, frustration) and infant-oriented (sympathy and empathy) emotional reactions to a child’s crying, which has been defined as the most obvious early attachment behaviour. Participants and procedure: A total of 495 parents of small children (including 376 mothers, no couples) took part in the study. Females were M = 27.79 (SD = 5.01) years old on average, whereas mean age of men was M = 31.71 (SD = 5.37) years. The majority of participants (74.90%) had one child. The average age of the assessed child was M = 9.17 months (SD = 4.43). Reliability and validity properties of the scale are presented. Results: The results confirmed the five-factor model, which showed adequate fit indices. The SER-PD has adequate internal consistency. The criterion-related validity of the scale was established by correlating five dimensions of parental emotional reactions to the child’s crying with measures of dispositional empathy and contextually neutral emotional reactions. Conclusions: The SER-PD gives the opportunity for broader analyses of the parental responsiveness construct. It is a useful tool to examine parent-child interactions easily and noninvasively, in large samples, and in situations where qualitative data might be difficult to obtain.
Author Maria Kaźmierczak (FSS / IPsych / DRFQL)
Maria Kaźmierczak,,
- Division of Research on Family and Quality of Life
, Paulina Pawlicka (FSS / IPsych / DIPGP)
Paulina Pawlicka,,
- Division of Intercultural Psychology and Gender Psychology
Journal seriesCurrent Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, e-ISSN 2353-561X, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishparental responsiveness, child’s crying, empathy, mothers, fathers
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach (CC-BY-NC-SA); with publication
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1
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