Improvement of derivatized amino acid detection sensitivity in micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography by means of acid-induced pH-mediated stacking technique
Szymon Dziomba , Adrian Bekasiewicz , Adam Prahl , Tomasz Bączek , Piotr Kowalski
AbstractDerivatization is a frequently used sample preparation procedure applicable to the enhancement of analyte detection sensitivity. Amino acids mostly require derivatization prior to electrophoretic or chromatographic analysis, especially if spectrophotometric detection is used. This study presents an on-line preconcentration technique for derivatized amino acids. The sensitivity of the method was improved by the utilization of the proposed acid-induced pH-mediated stacking mechanism. The method is demonstrated by preconcentration of amino acids labeled with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene. Use of optimized conditions for a large sample volume injection (40 s, 13.8 kPa) followed by electrokinetic injection of 0.1 M HCl (20 s, 10 kV) gave a 20- to 30-fold enhancement of sensitivity. The significance of the sweeping mechanism and pseudo-isotachophoresis for the on-line sample focusing and the influence of parameters on the preconcentration process were discussed. The applicability of the elaborated method was demonstrated using human urine samples.
|Journal series||Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642 [1618-2650, 0937-0633], (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||capillary electrophoresis, human urine samples, on-line preconcentration techniques, stacking, sweeping|
|License||Other; published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 40.0, 04-04-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 04-04-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 8; : 2014 = 1.222; : 2014 = 3.436 (2) - 2014=3.565 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.