In search of use patterns of archaeological features on multi-cultural sites: a microarchaeological case study of ditch infill formation at an Eneolithic enclosure in Mikulin (Eastern Poland)
Mateusz Krupski , Tomasz Jacek Chmielewski , Mirosław Furmanek , Anna Zakościelna
AbstractBy studying the microscopic record of infills of archaeological features, it is possible to reveal their formation history andconsequently obtain a better understanding of natural and cultural factors which have operated at the sites, following theassumption that specific past land use practices leave specific microarchaeological imprints. At multi-phase sites with a diversehistory of occupation, this may help to detect possible changes in the use of the features and link them with known occupationepisodes. From the viewpoint of studies on the role of enclosures in the prehistoric cultural landscape, it is important to have anunderstanding of how their distinctive structures—the ditches—were used. In order to gain insight into this matter, the infill ofone of the ditches of an Eneolithic enclosure discovered at the site of Mikulin 8 (Eastern Poland) was studied from ageoarchaeological perspective involving soil micromorphology and physico-chemical analyses. As a result, it was possible toidentify three major processes responsible for the formation of the infill and estimate their rates, what significantly broadened theknowledge of the context in which artefacts were discovered and brought some information on natural landscape changes. Thesefindings, combined with data delivered by artefacts analysis, geophysical prospection, and radiocarbon dating, suggest theexistence of two distinct settlement episodes at the site, marked by different use of the ditch structure, first by communities ofthe Lublin-Volhynian culture and then by peoples of the Funnel Beaker culture.
|Journal series||Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||eneolithic, enclosure ditch, geoarchaeology, formation processes, use of features|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 30.0, 24-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.825; : 2017 = 2.414 (2) - 2017=2.508 (5)|
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