An annotated translation of Noël Bernard's 1899 article ''On the germination of Neottia nidus-avis"

Marc-Andre Selosse , Julita Minasiewicz , Bernard Boullard


We translate Noël Bernard’s discovery of orchid symbiotic germination discovered on Neottia nidus-avis, as published in the May 1899 issue of the Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des sciences. In his note, Bernard (1874–1911) establishes the need for a fungus, which is also forming mycorrhizae in adults, for seeds germination. We provide illustrations reproduced from his later works, and summaries of the French text he cited. In our annotations, we show how early this discovery was done in Bernard’s career, and insist on the scientific framework at the end of the nineteenth century, where orchid germination was mysterious and the need for vicinity of parents was not fully understood. We comment the text of Bernard on the basis of the most recent knowledge on Neottia nidus-avis and on orchid mycorrhizal fungi. Introducing his following papers, we finally discuss the emergence of the concept of peloton digestion, and how Bernard’s work quickly paved the way to a general understanding of mycoheterotrophic germination in orchids and beyond.
Author Marc-Andre Selosse (FB/DPTNC)
Marc-Andre Selosse,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Julita Minasiewicz (FB/DPTNC)
Julita Minasiewicz,,
- Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation
, Bernard Boullard
Bernard Boullard,,
Other language title versions
Journal seriesMycorrhiza, ISSN 0940-6360, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.50
Keywords in Englishdust seeds, germination, mycoheterotrophy, orchids, pelotons, protocorm
ASJC Classification1110 Plant Science; 1311 Genetics; 1312 Molecular Biology; 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; 2700 General Medicine
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 3.000; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.186; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.778 (2) - 2017=2.991 (5)
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