Novel parameter describing restriction endonucleases: Secondary-Cognate-Specificity and chemical stimulation of TsoI leading to substrate specificity change
Joanna Żebrowska , Joanna Jeżewska-Frąckowiak , Ewa Wieczerzak , Franciszek Kasprzykowski , Agnieszka Żylicz-Stachula , Piotr Skowron
AbstractOver 470 prototype Type II restriction endonucleases (REases) are currently known. Most recognise specific DNA sequences 4–8 bp long, with very few exceptions cleaving DNA more frequently. TsoI is a thermostable Type IIC enzyme that recognises the DNA sequence TARCCA (R = A or G) and cleaves downstream at N11/N9. The enzyme exhibits extensive top-strand nicking of the supercoiled single-site DNA substrate. The second DNA strand of such substrate is specifically cleaved only in the presence of duplex oligonucleotides containing a cognate site. We have previously shown that some Type IIC/IIG/IIS enzymes from the Thermus-family exhibit ‘affinity star’ activity, which can be induced by the S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) cofactor analogue-sinefungin (SIN). Here, we define a novel type of inherently built-in ‘star’ activity, exemplified by TsoI. The TsoI ‘star’ activity cannot be described under the definition of the classic ‘star’ activity as it is independent of the reaction conditions used and cannot be separated from the cognate specificity. Therefore, we define this phenomenon as Secondary-Cognate-Specificity (SCS). The TsoI SCS comprises several degenerated variants of the cognate site. Although the efficiency of TsoI SCS cleavage is lower in comparison to the cognate TsoI recognition sequence, it can be stimulated by S-adenosyl-L-cysteine (SAC). We present a new route for the chemical synthesis of SAC. The TsoI/SAC REase may serve as a novel tool for DNA manipulation.
|Journal series||Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||Restriction endonucleases, DNA recognition specificity 'Star' activity, S-adenosyl-L-cysteine, DNA fragmentation|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Other; published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 35.0, 24-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.173; : 2017 = 3.34 (2) - 2017=3.602 (5)|
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