Haematophagous biting midges of the extant genus Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) evolved during the mid-Cretaceous
Ryszard Szadziewski , Patrycja Dominiak , Elżbieta Sontag , Wiesław Krzemiński , Bo Wang , Jacek Szwedo
AbstractFour new fossil species of haematophagous biting midges of the genus Culicoides Latreille, from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber are described and illustrated: C. bojarskii Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov., C. burmiticus Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov., C. ellenbergeri Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov. and C. myanmaricus Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov. These extinct species are assigned to the new subgenus, Groganomyia Szadziewski & Dominiak subgen. nov. which also includes an extant species that inhabits European mountains, Culicoides cameroni Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960, the type species. These very old (99 Ma) haematophagous biting midges of the extant genus Culicoides from Burmese amber supports the hypothesis that most groups of modern biting midges evolved during the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse climate.
|Journal series||Zootaxa, ISSN 1175-5326, e-ISSN 1175-5334, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||Diptera, Burmese amber, Groganomyia, new subgenus, new species, Culicoides cameroni|
|Score||= 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 0.948; : 2018 = 0.99 (2) - 2018=0.99 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2020-03-29)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.