Haematophagous biting midges of the extant genus Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) evolved during the mid-Cretaceous

Ryszard Szadziewski , Patrycja Dominiak , Elżbieta Sontag , Wiesław Krzemiński , Bo Wang , Jacek Szwedo

Abstract

Four new fossil species of haematophagous biting midges of the genus Culicoides Latreille, from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber are described and illustrated: C. bojarskii Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov., C. burmiticus Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov., C. ellenbergeri Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov. and C. myanmaricus Szadziewski & Dominiak sp. nov. These extinct species are assigned to the new subgenus, Groganomyia Szadziewski & Dominiak subgen. nov. which also includes an extant species that inhabits European mountains, Culicoides cameroni Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960, the type species. These very old (99 Ma) haematophagous biting midges of the extant genus Culicoides from Burmese amber supports the hypothesis that most groups of modern biting midges evolved during the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse climate. 
Author Ryszard Szadziewski (FB / DIZP)
Ryszard Szadziewski,,
- Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology
, Patrycja Dominiak
Patrycja Dominiak,,
-
, Elżbieta Sontag (FB / DIZP)
Elżbieta Sontag,,
- Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology
, Wiesław Krzemiński
Wiesław Krzemiński,,
-
, Bo Wang
Bo Wang,,
-
, Jacek Szwedo (FB / DIZP)
Jacek Szwedo,,
- Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology
Journal seriesZootaxa, ISSN 1175-5326, e-ISSN 1175-5334, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol4688
No4
Pages535-548
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in EnglishDiptera, Burmese amber, Groganomyia, new subgenus, new species, Culicoides cameroni
ASJC Classification1103 Animal Science and Zoology; 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
DOIDOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4688.4.5
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.948; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.99 (2) - 2018=0.99 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-03-29)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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