Syndromic chorioretinal coloboma associated with heterozygous de novo RARA mutation affecting an amino acid critical for retinoic acid interaction
Anna Jakubiuk‐Tomaszuk , Victor Murcia Pienkowski , Szymon Ziętkiewicz , Małgorzata Rydzanicz , Joanna Kosińska , Piotr Stawiński , Michał Szumiński , Rafał Płoski
AbstractRetinoid acid receptors (RAR) are transcription factors that bind retinoic acid (RA), a metabolite of vitamin A. RARs are composed of three subunits encoded by RARA, RARB and RARG. In humans, RARB defects cause syndromic microphthalmia. So far, no germline pathogenic variants have been identified in RARA or RARG. We describe a girl with a de novo mutation NM_000964 c.826C > T (p.Arg276Trp) in RARA with symptoms overlapping those described in RARB patients (coloboma, muscular hypotonia, dilated pulmonary artery, ectopic kidney). RARA Arg276 residue is functionally important, as it was previously shown that its substitution for Ala or Gln causes a 50- or 21-fold impairment of RA binding, respectively. Moreover, in leukemic cells, the p. Arg611Trp mutation in a chimeric PML/RARA gene (corresponding to the RARA p. Arg276Trp detected in our patient) conferred resistance to therapy by decreasing binding of all-trans RA. The functional effect of RARA p.Arg276Trp was further confirmed by in silico modeling which showed that binding of RA by the Trp276 variant was similarly defective as in the deleterious model Ala276 mutant. We propose that RARA p.Arg276Trp causes the disease by affecting RA interaction with the RARA receptor.
|Journal series||Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||de novo mutation, RARA, RARB, retinoic acid receptors, syndromic coloboma, whole-exome sequencing|
|Score||= 100.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.22; : 2018 = 4.104 (2) - 2018=3.544 (5)|
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