Evidence for the impact of the 8.2-kyBP climate event on Near Eastern early farmers

Mélanie Roffet-Salque , Arkadiusz Marciniak , Paul J. Valdes , Kamilla Pawłowska , Joanna Pyzel , Lech Czerniak , Marta Krüger , C. Neil Roberts , Sharmini Pitter , Richard P. Evershed

Abstract

The 8.2-thousand years B.P. event is evident in multiple proxy records across the globe, showing generally dry and cold conditions for ca. 160 years. Environmental changes around the event are mainly detected using geochemical or palynological analyses of ice cores, lacustrine, marine, and other sediments often distant from human settlements. The Late Neolithic excavated area of the archaeological site of Çatalhöyük East [Team Poznań (TP) area] was occupied for four centuries in the ninth and eighth millennia B.P., thus encompassing the 8.2-thousand years B.P. climatic event. A Bayesian analysis of 56 radiocarbon dates yielded a high-resolution chronological model comprising six building phases, with dates ranging from before 8325–8205 to 7925–7815 calibrated years (cal) B.P. Here, we correlate an onsite paleoclimate record constructed from δ2H values of lipid biomarkers preserved in pottery vessels recovered from these buildings with changes in architectural, archaeozoological, and consumption records from well-documented archaeological contexts. The overall sequence shows major changes in husbandry and consumption practices at ca. 8.2 thousand years B.P., synchronous with variations in the δ2H values of the animal fat residues. Changes in paleoclimate and archaeological records seem connected with the patterns of atmospheric precipitation during the occupation of the TP area predicted by climate modeling. Our multiproxy approach uses records derived directly from documented archaeological contexts. Through this, we provide compelling evidence for the specific impacts of the 8.2-thousand years B.P. climatic event on the economic and domestic activities of pioneer Neolithic farmers, influencing decisions relating to settlement planning and food procurement strategies.
Author Mélanie Roffet-Salque - [University of Bristol]
Mélanie Roffet-Salque,,
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, Arkadiusz Marciniak - [Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu]
Arkadiusz Marciniak,,
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- Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
, Paul J. Valdes - [University of Bristol]
Paul J. Valdes,,
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, Kamilla Pawłowska - [Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu]
Kamilla Pawłowska,,
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- Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
, Joanna Pyzel (FH / IAiE)
Joanna Pyzel,,
- Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii
, Lech Czerniak (FH / IAiE)
Lech Czerniak,,
- Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii
, Marta Krüger - [Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu]
Marta Krüger,,
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- Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
, C. Neil Roberts
C. Neil Roberts,,
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, Sharmini Pitter - [Stanford University]
Sharmini Pitter,,
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, Richard P. Evershed - [University of Bristol]
Richard P. Evershed,,
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Journal seriesProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol115
No35
Pages8705-8709
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englisharchaeology, climate, lipid residue analyses, hydrogen isotopes, animal bones
DOIDOI:10.1073/pnas.1803607115
URL http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/08/07/1803607115.full.pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); with publication
Score (nominal)45
ScoreMinisterial score = 45.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 45.0, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 3; WoS Citations = 0; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 9.504 (2) - 2017=10.359 (5)
Citation count*10 (2019-07-16)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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