Surfactants: a real threat to the aquatic geoecosystems of lobelia lakes

Maciej Markowski , Włodzimierz Golus , Żaneta Polkowska , Monika Kwidzińska


Lobelia lakes are valuable elements of the natural environment. They are characterised by low trophy, mainly in-forest location and a high transparency of water. However, similarly to other surface waters, they are subjected to increasing anthropogenic pressures, a good indicator of which is the level of surfactants, also called surface-active agents (SAAs). The aim of the study was to evaluate the intensity of anthropogenic pressures in 13 selected lobelia lakes and 14 streams in the catchments of these lakes in Northern Poland, based on SAA concentrations in the waters of these water bodies. We collected one water sample from each of these water bodies and determined the concentrations of cationic, anionic and non-ionic SAAs. We then compared the results with data concerning the ways in which these catchments and water bodies are used. While ionic (cationic and anionic) SAAs were found to be present in all the 27 samples (with concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 0.51 mg dm−3), non-ionic SAAs were identified in 17 of 27 samples (from 0.00 to 2.43 mg dm−3) with three samples largely exceeding the maximum concentration values reported by other authors. We concluded that SAAs are a real threat to the aquatic geoecosystems of lobelia lakes and that the pressures of tourism and leisure have the greatest impact.
Author Maciej Markowski (FOG / IG / DLimn)
Maciej Markowski,,
- Department of Limnology
, Włodzimierz Golus (FOG / IG / DLimn)
Włodzimierz Golus,,
- Department of Limnology
, Żaneta Polkowska
Żaneta Polkowska,,
, Monika Kwidzińska (FOG / IG / DLimn)
Monika Kwidzińska,,
- Department of Limnology
Journal seriesLimnological Review, ISSN 1642-5952, e-ISSN 2300-7575, (B 12 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishlobelia lakes, surfactants, surface-active substances, anthropogenic pressure
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); with publication
Score (nominal)12
ScoreMinisterial score = 12.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 12.0, ArticleFromJournal
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.