On distilling secure key from reducible private states and (non)existence of entangled key-undistillable states
Karol Horodecki , Piotr Ćwikliński , Adam Rutkowski , Michał Studziński
AbstractHereunder, we study the class of irreducible private states that are private states from which all the secret content is accessible via measuring their key part. We provide the first protocol which distills key not only from the key part, but also from the shield if only the state is reducible. We prove also a tighter upper bound on the performance of that protocol, given in terms of regularized relative entropy of entanglement instead of relative entropy of entanglement previously known. This implies in particular that the irreducible private states are all strictly irreducible if and only if the entangled but key-undistillable states ('entangled key-undistilable states') exist. In turn, all the irreducible private states of the dimension 4 ⨂ 4 are strictly irreducible, that is, after an attack on the key part they become separable. Provided the bound key states exist, we consider different subclasses of the irreducible private states and their properties. Finally we provide a lower bound on the trace norm distance between key-undistillable states and private states, in sufficiently high dimensions.
|Journal series||New Journal of Physics, ISSN , e-ISSN 1367-2630, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|Keywords in English||private states, irreducible private states, key distillation, bound key state|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 40.0, 17-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 1.031; : 2018 = 3.773 (2) - 2018=3.626 (5)|
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