Positions 299 and 302 of the GerAA subunit are important for function of the GerA spore germination receptor in Bacillus subtilis
Anna Grela , Inga Jamrożek , Marta Hubisz , Adam Iwanicki , Krzysztof Hinc , Rajmund Kaźmierkiewicz , Michał Obuchowski
AbstractBacillus subtilis, as a model spore-forming Gram-positive bacterium, has been extensively used for spore germination research. Within this field, nutrient-dependent germination with specific germinant receptors (GerA, responding to L-alanine or L-valine; GerB and GerK, acting together to start spore germination process in response to AGFK) has been the most studied. There are three different variants of the GerAA subunit (299T/302S, 299A/302P, 299A/302S) of the GerA germination receptor present in B. subtilis subs. subtilis laboratory strains. According to our research, the 299A/302P one, unlike the others, interferes with the spore's ability to germinate in L-alanine as assessed by the measurement of DPA release upon stimulation with the germinant. Multiple genetic manipulations described in this work followed by spore germination tests, together with secondary structure predictions led us to the following conclusions. First, position 302 of GerAA protein is crucial in terms of GerA germination receptor functionality; a proline residue at this position renders the GerA receptor non-functional, most probably due to a change in the protein secondary structure. Second, the 302P GerAA variant has most probably an impaired affinity to other components of GerA receptor. Together, these may explain the loss of GerA receptor's function. Analysis of the GerAA protein should get us closer to understanding the mechanism of GerA receptor function.
|Journal series||Plos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 35.0, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 2.766 (2) - 2017=3.352 (5)|
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